삼성과 애플의 특허전쟁은 해가 바뀌어도 그 열기가 식지 않고 있다.
새해 들어 애플에 뒤셀도르프 법원에 디자인 특허에 기초하여 갤럭시 S2를 포함한 스마트폰과 태블릿PC 5종에 대해 소송을 제기하고, 만하임 법원에는 소위 '밀어서 잠금해제' 특허에 기초하여 갤럭시 넥서스를 공격하고 있다.

이렇듯 애플의 공세가 더욱 거세지고 있는 상황에서,
어제(2012. 1. 20) 독일 만하임 법원에서 애플에 대한 삼성의 공격 중 하나를 기각한다고 판결을 하였다.


삼성은 여러 건의 특허에 기초하여 지난 해 4월에 본안 소송을 제기하였었다. 지금까지의 판결들은 가처분 소송에 대한 것이었지만, 본안소송에 대한 판결은 이 번이 처음이다. 두 건의 특허와 관련하여 1/27과 3/2에 각각 추가의 판결이 있을 것이라고 한다.

이 번 판결을 받은 특허는 EP 1,005,726 "turbo encoding/decoding device and method for processing frame data according to quality-of-service." (서비스 품질에 따라 프레임 데이터를 처리하기 위한 터보 엔코딩/디코딩 장치 및 방법) 이다.

당초 이 소송의 관전 포인트는 기술적으로 침해하였는지에 대한 판결일 것인가 아니면 삼성 특허의 소모이론이 적용된 판결일 것인가에 있었다.
만약 이번 판결이 기술적 침해 여부에 의해의한 것이라면, 삼성은 남아있는 다른 특허들의 판결에 기대를 걸어볼 만한다.
그러나 애플이 삼성과 라이센스 계약을 맺은 퀄컴의 칩을 사용하고 있고, 양사와 퀄컴이 맺은 계약 내용에 따라서는 삼성의 특허가 애플에게 영향을 미칠 수 없는 소위 '특허소모'라고 만하임 법원이 판단해버린다면, 삼성은 더 이상 희망을 갖기 어렵다.
나머지 특허들에 대한 판결들도 모두 소모이론이 적용될 것이기 때문이다.

만하임 법원의 판결문이 입수되는 대로 이 글을 더 보총하도록 할 것이다.


참조 :
Mannheim court rejects the first one of Samsung's German lawsuits against Apple _ FOSS PATENT
Apple Scores Small Patent Victory Against Samsung in Germany _ PCWorld


[1/27 추가]
삼성의 두번째 특허 공격도 패소하였다.
이번에 판결을 받은 특허는  EP1114528호 "APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A DEMULTIPLEXER AND A MULTIPLEXER USED FOR RATE MATCHING IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM"

역시 특허권자의 승소는 지난하다.
지금껏 애플-삼성 소송에서 특허권자의 승소는 애플만이 3번 경험하였다.
네델란드, 뒤셀도르프와 호주 법원에서의 디자인.
호주는 1심 판결이 대법원까지 가서 최종 비침해로 확정되었고, 다른 나라에서는 삼성이 디자인 변경으로 애플의 공격을 무위화하였다.
현재로선 특허권자가 상대를 확실히 제압한 승소는 아직 없다.

이제 삼성은 3번째 특허에 대한 3월2일자 판결에 기대를 걸고 있다.


Samsung loses second German 3G patent lawsuit against Apple _ Foss Patent
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마이크로소프트가 보행자를 위한 길안내 특허를 최근 등록받았습니다.
보행자가 길을 선택해서 이동할 때 사람마다 차이는 있겠지만 여러가지 곤란함을 고려하여야 하지요.
예를 들어 위험한 이웃, 날씨, 지형 등..

본 특허는 그러한 보행 경로 결정에 필요한 정보에 기초하여 보행자에게 최적의 경로를 안내해주는 것을 요지로 합니다.

그런데 이런 생각도 드는 군요.
'위험한 이웃'을 정하는 기준에 따라 인권이나 차별의 문제가 발생할 수도..


Pedestrian route production

US 8,090,532(January 3, 2012) by  Microsoft

Abstract

As a pedestrian travels, various difficulties can be encountered, such as traveling through an unsafe neighborhood or being in an open area that is subject to harsh temperatures. A route can be developed for a person taking into account factors that specifically affect a pedestrian. Moreover, the route can alter as a situation of a user changes; for instance, if a user wants to add a stop along a route.

 




What is claimed is:

1. Computer storage media having embodied thereon computer-useable instructions that, when executed, implement a system, the system comprising:
a search component that locates at least one information source, retains pedestrian history from a plurality of pedestrians and addresses of at least one information source that has a history of providing reliable information, identifies low quality information sources that do not provide information used in route generation, and blocks information obtainment for the low quality information sources;
a gather component that obtains information related to pedestrian travel including security information, weather information, and terrain information, wherein the gather component obtains the information from the at least one located information source;
an artificial intelligence component that makes at least one inference regarding a route based on a previous pedestrian behavior;
a filter component that determines, based on the at least one inference, the information that is likely relevant and deletes information that is commonly of little value in part through examination of previously produced routes; an analysis component that determines an importance of the information to a user, estimates how likely the information is to change, and chooses if the user should reach a destination through a pedestrian route and/or through a conventional route;
a generation component that obtains the information from the gather component and produces a direction set for use by a pedestrian based at least part upon the obtained information;
and a resolution component that resolves a conflict between an information source with a financial interest and an information source without a financial interest and instructs the generation component to produce the direction set based upon the information source that does not have a financial interest in providing the direction set.


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"Quirky라는 회사를 아십니까?
'quirky'라는 뜻이 꾀많은, 기발한, 별난 등의 의미를 가지는 단어이지요.
이 회사는 개인들의 아이디어를 제품화하여 판매해주는 회사입니다.
 

첨부한 인포그래픽에 도시된 바와 같이,
개인이 아이디어를 제출하면, 이를 평가하여 성공가능성을 확인합니다.
성공가능성이 있다고 판단되면, 조사, 디자인, 브랜드설정 등을 거쳐 제품화합니다.
물론 이익은 발명자와 공유하지요.


아이디어를 제출하려면 10$을 내야 합니다.


그래서 이 회사에는 다양한 재미있는 아이디어 상품이 많습니다.


제품들을 둘러보면 가격이 조금 비싸다는 생각이 들지만, 꼭 있었으면 좋겠다고 생각되는 물건들이 많습니다.

http://www.quirky.com/

우리나라서에서도 이런 비즈니스를 만들어보고 싶습니다.
조금 더 사업타당성을 검토해보고 팔을 걷어부쳐 볼까 합니다. ^^
 



 

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출처 :
http://weburbanist.com/2011/09/12/13-energizing-batteries-mini-nukes-to-hand-cranks/

13 Energizing Batteries: Mini Nukes to Hand Cranks

The batteries we use in dozens of gadgets every day have stayed more or less the same for many years, but that doesn’t mean designers aren’t dreaming up innovative and sometimes perplexing new versions. From human-powered rechargeable alkaline batteries to nuclear batteries the size of a penny, these 13 designs seek out new energy sources in small packages.

Wind-Up Batteries

(images via: design boom)

Wouldn’t it be nice if, when the batteries in your gadget die on the go, you could just crank them back up? This battery concept by Qian Jiang has a built-in crank and a light indicator that turns green when you’ve got enough power.

Finger Battery Charger

(image via: design launches)

Just spin this cell phone battery around your finger – um – 130 times, and you’ll have enough power to chat for hours. This unusual concept by Song Teaho and Hyejin Lee gives fidgeters something productive to do with their hands and eliminates the need for chargers and wires.

Jump Rope Battery Charger

(images via: yanko design)

Get your exercise and power your gadgets at the same time with an energy-harvesting jump rope designed by Jooyong Kim and Sungkyung Kim. Rechargeable batteries are placed inside the jump rope’s handles; as you jump, the display tells you how many revolutions you’ve competed, how many calories you’ve burned and how much charge you’ve produced for the batteries.

Hungry Batteries

(images via: johnnyholland)

This design is purely conceptual – with no details worked out as to how it would actually work – but it’s interesting nonetheless. Mac Funamizu imagines batteries that would make it physically clear when they’re out of juice by growing thinner as they wear down. One glance tells you how much longer you’ve got before you need to recharge.

Penny-Sized Nuclear Battery

(images via: munews.missouri.edu)

You can hold nuclear power in the palm of your hand – literally – in the form of a penny-sized nuclear battery created by researchers at the University of Missouri. Providing an ultra-concentrated power density, the secret to this radioisotope battery is a liquid semiconductor. These batteries are used in underwater systems, pacemakers and space satellites.

Continuance USB-Powered Battery

(images via: yanko design)

Not only does the USB-powered battery function as a universal power source on the go for all USB-equipped devices, it also eliminates the need for a battery charger. Plug the batteries into your computer to charge them up and then, if you’re caught with a dead iPod or cell phone, just hook it up to the battery for a quick fix.

Direct Plug-In Batteries

(images via: yanko design)

A similar idea bypasses the battery charger by placing outlet prongs right in the battery itself. Designed by Qian Jiang and Yiying Wu, the IF battery ensures that you’re never without battery power as long as there’s an outlet around. Of course, the downside is you can only charge one battery at a time when a charger can take on four or more.

One-Size-Fits-All

(images via: gizmag)

Don’t you hate when you buy a new gadget and realize you don’t have the right size batteries on hand? The AtoD battery concept by Pyeong Joo Goh, Jong Seung Choi & Ji Soo Hong aims to eliminate that problem in a rather strange and surprising way: it’s made of memory foam, so it can squeeze into any battery slot. Of course, you’ve probably already realized there’s a problem with this concept: there are different sized batteries for a reason, and this nickel hydroxide battery, with the capacity of a AA, isn’t going to cut it for devices that need a D.

The Micro Lemon Battery

(image via: instructables)

Make your own decorative battery-light in the shape of a flower with this tutorial by Madaeon on Instructables. The battery takes the lemon-power concept, which normally requires about 3-4 lemons to illuminate an LED bulb, and makes it more powerful. The design requires just a few drops of lemon juice to light up a 3.5V white LED for at least an hour.

Vibration Powered Batteries

(image via: geekologie)

The Vibration-Powered Generating Battery fits in any standard AA slot and is rechargeable, but you never have to put it in a charger. Just shake it up, and it’ll regain its power. Developed by printer/sewing machine manufacturer Brother, these batteries are the gadget-powering equivalent of the Shake Weight.

Bacon Battery

(image via: instructables)

That’s right, you can actually power gadgets with slimy, fatty strips of raw bacon. Instructables offers a number of tutorials for building your own bacon battery, including this one, which can power an LED light.

Wind-Powered iPhone Battery Charger

(image via: gizmag.com)

Need to charge your iPhone, but there’s no place to plug it in? Just strap it into the iFan and hold it up to the wind, and let nature do the work. Designed by Tjeerd Veenhoven, the iFan is made from a modified computer fan. It takes about six hours to fully charge an iPhone, but just hook it onto your bike or fix it to a pole in your yard and you’re good to go.

Kineticel: Capturing Kinetic Energy

(image via: reuben miller)

No time to turn a crank or spin your finger around in the air? Then this is the human-powered battery charger for you. The Kineticel by Yael Miller is a piezoelectric battery that can ‘capture’ energy from everyday activities like working out, running a vacuum or rocking a baby.

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  1. wesley8199

    좋은 자료네요 스크랩 해가요^^

    2012.01.02 15:49 [ ADDR : EDIT/ DEL : REPLY ]

EEF(Electonic Frontier Foundation)는 2011년 연말 리뷰 "특허가 혁신의 숨통을 죄고 있다"를 발표하였다.
그 전문을 여기에 소개한다.

이 리뷰는 특히 2011년에 유달리 악명높은 특허괴물들이 득세한 것을 지적한다.
이들 특허괴물은 제품을 만들지도 팔지도 않으면서 응용 개발자들을 타겟으로 하여 소송 협박을 하거나 침해 소송을 건다.
이들 특허괴물의 활동으로 인해 개발자들은 미국 시장에서 문제되는 응용기술들을 적용하는 데 소극적일 수밖에 없게 될 것이고, 그 손해는 유저와 미국 경제가 지게 될 것이라는 점이다.

'특허 대상'에 대한 논의도 지적한다.
Bilski 판결 이후에 '특허 대상'에 대한 판결에 혼선이 빚어지고 그 판단 기준이 더욱 모호졌다고 한다.
이들은 특허 대상을 판단하는 기준이 좀더 명료하고 설득력이 있기를 원한다.
(Bilski케이스 리뷰 참조 : http://www.dotomari.com/195)

이들이 마지막으로 지적하는 것은 '공동 침해'의 문제이다.
특허 침해의 책임이 제3의 유저, 고객, 개발자에게까지 부과되는 것을 제한하여야 한다고 주장하고, 이 주장을 연방순회법원과 대법원 등에 요청하였다고 한다.


December 31, 2011 | By Julie Samuels

2011 in Review: Patents Misused to Stifle Innovation

As the year draws to a close, EFF is looking back at the major trends influencing digital rights in 2011 and discussing where we are in the fight for a free expression, innovation, fair use, and privacy.

2011 saw what many had written off as impossible: patent reform legislation became law. Despite the urgent need for reform to today’s patent system, the new law – the America Invents Act – managed to do almost nothing to address many of the most pressing problems facing innovators. To be sure, the law included some big changes – the shift from “first-to-invent” to “first-to-file” and alterations to the PTO’s funding and fee-setting authority – but it failed to create robust new procedures for effectively challenging bad patents. It also failed to address one of the biggest problems with the patent system today: predatory patent trolls. (We were at least encouraged to see that the bill’s language did signal that at least some in Congress are generally unhappy with business method patents.)

Speaking of patent trolls, 2011 also brought us a new, especially egregious, type of patent troll. Lodsys LLC, a company who makes and sells nothing, targeted app developers with threats of litigation (and, in some instances, actual lawsuits), claiming infringement based on in-app purchasing and upgrade technologies. The problem, of course, is that the cell phone operating system companies such as Apple and Google provide these technologies to the developers yet fail to defend those developers when they’re hit with a lawsuit. Apple has moved to intervene in ongoing Lodsys litigation, and Google has filed a reexamination of the patents at the PTO; we’ll continue to monitor those actions. But, in the meantime, it’s no wonder that app developers are removing their apps from U.S. markets, to the detriment of users and the economy at large.

The courts, too, were busier than ever on the patent front. The struggle to define “patentable subject” matter in the wake of Bilski continued apace. The Federal Circuit in the second half of this year issued three separate rulings on the limits of abstract subject matter and has managed to further confuse (who knew that was even possible?) the matter. We’ll continue to monitor cases going on across the country for chances to weigh in and urge courts that patents that are too abstract are bad news for innovation. We'll push courts to construct standards surrounding patentable subject matter, and other requirements of patentability (for example, the written description requirement), that make sense.

EFF also weighed in on matters related to joint infringement, urging the Federal Circuit to uphold a rule limiting liability of third-party users, consumers, and developers. EFF also filed a brief at the Supreme Court arguing for a lower standard of review for invalidating bad patents (a case where we believe the Court came out wrong). We also watched the “breast cancer gene” case work its way through the Federal Circuit, and will continue to closely monitor a case that is likely to land in front of the Supremes next year. The Supreme Court hasn’t shied away from addressing patent issues lately, and we’ll continue to do our best to help courts at all levels navigate these cases in a way that protects innovation and consumers.

출처 :
2011 in Review: Patents Misused to Stifle Innovation

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